should I water? Should I fertilize?

by: Olivia Cooper

A garden requires watering, but there are ways to make your garden drought-tolerant.  The advantage of owning a drought-tolerant garden is that you save on water costs, watering time and your garden is beautiful even during dry spells.  Here are some steps in making your garden handle minimal amounts of water and remain attractive.

Position plants strategically.  Plants have different water needs.  Some plants, such as those that are normally found near rivers or bodies of water, need a lot of water to live.  Other plants require moderate amounts of water, and still some others that survive with minimal water amounts.  Group your plants according to how much water they need.  This way, you water those plants which need the water, and skip on watering those that don’t need it.

Get drought-tolerant plants.  The best types of plants to have to create a drought-tolerant garden are plants that naturally grow in arid conditions.  They require less water and maintenance but look as attractive as other garden plants.  Choose plants that easily grow around your area.  Because they have grown without constant watering by a gardener, they are good choices for a drought-tolerant garden

Choose plants with deep root systemsWater sinks down over time.  During hot weather, water evaporates through the soil and makes it hard for plants to seep the water.  The water that remains is deep underground, so plants with roots that reach far down are drought-tolerant

Use the right kind of sprinklers.  Sprinklers are a great help to gardeners: they save you time and effort.  They moderate the amount of water and distribute it to your plants.  Make your sprinklers water a lower amount of water to your plants, and make it run longer.  This makes the water sink and prevent flooding. 

Water at the right time.  During droughts, water is scarce, thus you need to water at the optimum amount of time.  The great times to water your plants are in the morning when the sun is not too hot and at days when the skies are cloudy.  Never water in the evening because the combination of darkness and moisture makes fungus grow and destroy your garden.

Avoid over fertilizing.  Fertilizer contains salts that are harmful to plants when given in large amounts.  Never give too much fertilizer to plants, especially those that are used to little amounts of water.  In a drought-tolerant garden, the plants don’t receive that much water to neutralize the salts in fertilizer.

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